Entrepreneurship staff and pupils of Primary and Secondary Cycle 1º: Assessment of personal, family and school issues

Rosalia Romero Tena, Francisco Espasandín Bustelo


Purpose: Knowing which aspects; family, personal, center, classroom and type of education encourage personal initiatives and entrepreneurship. Describe the current state of affairs.

Design/methodology: Develop and validate an assessment tool to know the personal initiative and entrepreneurship of students of Primary and Secondary 1st cycle. Quantitative questionnaire were distributed in Andalusian centers - using different types of items Likert and dichotomous- based on four dimensions; immediate environment; center; educational activities; teaching aids used; school climate and personal initiative.

Findings: The student acquires his first experiences on what it means to be an enterprising person of the family and the immediate environment. The type of education of the center and the use of available resources and means provided mark the development of their attitude as entrepreneur. Relationships with their peers and people involved in their lives influences their level of initiative. The findings coming from the Personal Initiative dimensions (leadership, creativity, achievement and perception of control) indicate that student of this age; struggle to explain and defend their ideas; they like to learn things in different ways; but do not have much interest in proposing such ways.

Research limitations/implications: Economic, temporal, spatial and the conceptual model.

Practical implications: The findings provide guidelines to keep in mind when designing educational programs that work in both the "awareness" and the "preparation" to encourage individual attitudes and entrepreneurship.

Social implications: Sensitize the educational community of the center about the importance of involving all members in promoting entrepreneurial culture.

Originality/value: When there is an entrepreneurial culture in the center all actions are directed to develop these attitudes, so that its members provide answers with a more horizontal approach and vision of life.


Personal initiative, Entrepreneurship, Creativity, Leadership, Teaching strategies, Program design

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3926/ic.609

Licencia de Creative Commons 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Intangible Capital, 2004-2022

Online ISSN: 1697-9818; Print ISSN: 2014-3214; DL: B-33375-2004

Publisher: OmniaScience