The new poverty in the labour market

Victor Climent

Abstract


Purpose: This paper aims to analize the new situation of labour different from the one of the eighties and nineties of the 20th century, that is configuring a new model of poverty within the labour market.

Design/Methodology: The current research is based on a comparative analysis of governmental reports, proposals and plans aimed at reducing poverty through labour market. This analysis allows to detect the main actions developed by governmental institutions.

Findings: Currently a growing number of workers (employees and self-employed) is pushed towards poverty as a consequence of the deterioration of labour conditions in the framework of the economic globalisation. During the crisis of the 80s, becoming employed was a warranty to escape from poverty, but nowadays this is not enough. Unemployment it is not the only synonym of poverty and social exclusion is not solely found in marginal social groups. The new labour conditions, with low salaries, temporary contracts and long working times configure a new tipology of poverty directly linked with job market that affects more highly educated and professional groups

Research limitations: This research collects different governmental reports and Action Plans at all levels. Even that, there can be other reports not included in this article.

Originality/Value: Currently, poverty risk responds to multifactorial parameters determined by the relationship of the individual with the labour market, family structure, available social capital, level of family debt and existing social policies. The comparative study of these factors allow a better understanding and analysis of this phenomenon, increasingly global and affecting a higher number of social groups.


Keywords


poverty, labour market, middle clases, debt, social exclusion

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3926/ic.584


Licencia de Creative Commons 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Intangible Capital, 2004-2021

Online ISSN: 1697-9818; Print ISSN: 2014-3214; DL: B-33375-2004

Publisher: OmniaScience